Get Your Free 2022 Vacation Guide

Start planning your ultimate South Carolina adventure with a free copy of the 2022 Vacation Guide. Request your free copy, view the guide online or download a PDF version below.

Vacation Guide Cover
View Our Other Guides

Take a Once-In-A-Lifetime Expedition to the Beautiful Bulls Island

Marie McAden Marie McAden
A former staffer with The Miami Herald, Marie moved to SC in 1992. She is passionate about the outdoors, and enjoys exploring the state’s many natural treasures from the Lowcountry to the Upstate.
More from "Marie McAden"
Bare trees on beach under moonlight
There’s a haunting beauty to Boneyard Beach in the soft glow of moonlight.

In the faint light of a full moon eclipsed by drifting clouds, they appear like weary warriors clinging to a precarious beachhead. These once mighty trees, stripped bare by the wind and battered by the surf, are now nothing more than silhouettes casting eerie shadows in the sand.

They call this place Boneyard Beach, a fitting name for the remains of a maritime forest wracked by erosion. Located on the southeastern tip of Bulls Island, it is part of the Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge, one of the most pristine stretches of coastline on the eastern seaboard.

The refuge is just 20 miles from Charleston, but because it's closed from dusk to dawn, few people have the opportunity to experience the haunting scene of boneyard beach in the dead quiet of night.

Dominick House Expedition

Blue house with chimney
Dominick House on Bulls Island is a 1920s historic home.

It was only in recent years that Coastal Expeditions - Cape Romain's sole concessionaire - received permission from the US Fish and Wildlife Service to offer a three-day excursion to the remote island. During the once-a-month visits, guests stay in the Dominick House, a large residence built in the mid-1920s by a wealthy New York banker who bought the island as a hunting preserve.

The historic home serves as base camp for a weekend of discovery. Designed to introduce guests to the natural riches of the Lowcountry's coastal ecosystem, the activity-packed itinerary includes guided hikes into the woodlands, bird-watching excursions along impoundments and boat trips through the pristine waterways of the refuge.

Explore the Bay and Island

People sitting on boat riding through Bulls Bay
Visitors to Bulls Island on the Coastal Expeditions Dominick House trip take a sunset boat ride around Bulls Bay.

The largest of four barrier islands within Cape Romaine's 66,287-acre preserve, Bulls Island is a microcosm of an ecosystem described as one of the most productive environments on earth. Its maritime forest, high and low salt marshes, intricate tidal creeks, fresh and brackish water ponds and white sandy beaches are home to an amazing diversity of wildlife, from American alligators to black eastern fox squirrels.

Some 293 species of migratory and resident birds have been recorded in the island's 5,000 acres and surrounding waters, among them the endangered wood stork, bald eagle, American oystercatcher, piping plover, Wilson's plover and red knot.

Each day of the expedition, guests set off to areas of the island where birds forage, nest and rest. The birdlife is so prolific, it's not unusual to spot an eagle, horned owl, black-necked stilt or painted bunting just getting to the destination.

In the evening, the adventurers take a boat ride into Bulls Bay to watch the sunset, look for dolphins and visit an ephemeral sandbar that serves as a roost for hundreds of shorebirds and seabirds, among them black skimmers, ruddy turnstones, laughing gulls and oyster catchers.

A Birding Paradise

Birds flying low over beach
Black skimmers take flight from their roost on a sandbar in Bulls Bay.

The spectacle of a large flock of birds taking flight and swooping over the sandbar in unison will take your breath away. On one evening in May, the avian display also included the electrifying aerial courtship ritual of black skimmers. At the same time, a half-dozen loggerheads were swimming near shore, popping their heads out of the water every few minutes. Along the beach, horseshoe crabs were mating.

The return trip to Bulls Island offered more wildlife antics. Brown pelicans put on a show, skimming inches above the water. They circled high, then dove headfirst, plunging into the water to catch fish.

Daily Excursions

Man holds baby alligator as tourists look on
The Dominick House Expedition offers daily excursions led by Coastal Expeditions naturalists.

Arguably, the highlight of the Dominick House Expedition is the pre-dawn outing to boneyard beach. Arriving an hour before daybreak, guests are afforded the rare chance to walk in the moonlight among the twisted limbs and sun-bleached trunks of trees that have long succumbed to the forces of nature. As morning approaches, the sun transforms the lonely landscape into a brilliant tableau of colors framed by the deep greens of the forest and steel gray of the sea.

Throughout the weekend, guests have the opportunity to explore on their own, relax at the house or join the daily excursions led by Coastal Expeditions naturalists who love to share their knowledge of the history of the island, its ecology and local wildlife. In the evening, the group reunites in the dining room of the Dominick House to exchange tales of the day's favorite discoveries over a hearty, home-cooked dinner.

The Dominick House Expedition is offered one weekend a month from October through May and includes lodging, transportation, snacks, afternoon appetizers and all meals. With only 12 spots available on each trip, the expeditions fill up early each year.

Take a Day Trip

Shells on beach
Take a day to go beachcombing on Bulls Island in Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge.

For those unable to make the three-day trip, Coastal Expeditions offers year-round ferry service to Bulls Island. A 16-mile network of hiking trails leads to boneyard beach, ancient shell heaps left by Native Americans more than 2,000 years ago and two wildlife viewing platforms where visitors can watch shorebirds, wading birds and waterfowl foraging in ponds.

Other outings to the Cape Romain refuge include guided kayak trips to Bulls Island, private boat charters and quarterly excursions to Lighthouse Island, featuring two historic lights.

Learn more about Coastal Expeditions' tours to Bulls Island and the Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge here.

Marie McAden
A former staffer with The Miami Herald, Marie moved to SC in 1992. She is passionate about the outdoors, and enjoys exploring the state’s many natural treasures from the Lowcountry to the Upstate.